Common Injuries in Badminton

Common Injuries in Badminton


Common Injuries in Badminton

COMMON INJURIES IN BADMINTON

Badminton players need to be able to move in all directions and change directions quickly, smoothly and efficiently. Sudden starts and stops wear out the body, and demand a lot of strength and motor skills for acceleration, deceleration and then immediate acceleration. The player needs to be in control of their ankles, knees, hips, back and shoulders, all at the same time. 

Badminton has the most overhead strokes out of all the racket sports – over 30%. For this reason, to minimize injuries, it is important to build strength, mobility and stability in the shoulders.

Badminton injuries are usually overuse injuries which develop from repeated overhead movements. Injuries to the shoulder, elbow, wrist, knees, and ankle are common. 

Younger badminton players also struggle with injuries and pain in their knees, hips, shins, and feet.

As we know that injuries are part and parcel of the sport,

So, here are a few common injuries that we can experience during our badminton journey:

TENNIS ELBOW:

Tennis elbow is one of the most common injuries in badminton. Tennis elbow happens when your forearm goes through excessive usage causing many micro breaks and inflammation near the bony edge of the elbow. And this condition leads to pain around the elbow area. You can feel stiffness while expanding and stretching the arm. There will be pain while lifting heavy weights and gripping something tightly.

Tennis elbow can be treated in no time. Conventional treatment like applying ice to the affected area consecutively can help reduce the pain over time. Good rest has always been a natural form of recovery for humans, good sleep encourages faster recovery. Wearing an elbow brace strapping or supporting bandage or splint while playing can prevent further damage to the elbow.

But at the end of the day professional treatment should be given with the complete analysis of the damage and history behind the amount of activity of the arm.

SHOULDER PAIN:

Shoulder pain occurs when your whole arm undergoes an excessive amount of strain.  The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that are around the shoulder joint.  This keeps the head of your upper arm bone firm in the shoulder socket. Shoulder pain is very common in the world.  Many people who do not even play sports experience this quite often.

You can experience pain in the shoulder while lifting any heavy objects. There will be slight discomfort and pain while performing certain activities.  There can be tenderness in some parts of the shoulder and neck area.

Shoulder braces have been doing wonders for preventing further damage to the shoulder. You can wear a brace during training also. For shoulder pain conventional treatment with ice, organic medication and good rest can do wonders. And try to give your shoulder some rest. Badminton requires a lot of work from the shoulder. Wearing it out would only mean destroying your own body.

WRIST PAIN:

Wrist pain is an injury that can occur fairly often on the badminton court. Wrist pain is over stretching of the ligament in the wrist causing pain and discomfort. This is very common in badminton because athletes constantly hitting the shuttle by flicking their wrist to achieve the best hit.  This repetitive motion without time to heal the overstretched ligament causes strain on them and results in pain.

There are certain symptoms for wrist pain which involves swelling around the wrist area and pain when you try to move it up or down. There can be Stiffness in the wrist while moving it and you can experience pain when you apply load or pressure on the wrist.

Anti-inflammatory medication can help reduce the wrist pain.  Preventing wrist pain is not that difficult. You can start by building more bone structure. Taking adequate amounts of calcium can prevent wrist pain. Physical therapy that focuses on the wrist has been treating many players for generations. In some cases where you might get a fracture or rupture, going for surgery is the best option.

BLISTERS:

Well blisters are not exactly an injury but it can definitely give you a huge discomfort and sometimes can cause infections if left exposed. Blisters generally observed on the palm between fingers or on the foot.  The outer layer of the skin experiences friction burns and loosens up filling the blister with lymph fluid.

Skin ointments that heal the skin are common treatments that can be cured by over-the-counter medications.  Taping the affected area with medicated tape and emerging the affected area in warm water reduces blisters and heal dead skin. 

Try to keep your feet and hands dry most of the time this prevents the skin from stretching and forming blisters.

ACHILLES TENDONITIS:

Another potential and nasty injury is the Achilles tendonitis. This is when the tissue that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone there's one of two things that tends to occur: a partial or complete tear of the tendon.

Symptoms of Achilles tendon rupture include a snapping or popping sound along with the sharp pain in your heel. Other symptoms are swelling around the calf area accompanied by some bruising. You may not  be able to put your full weight on it or find yourself unable to climb stairs. Medical advice is clear if you have any of these symptoms leading to you believe you may have ruptured your Achilles seek medical attention.

This Injury is best prevented by completing a warm up prior to play and a cool down after play.

PATELLAR TENDONITIS/ JUMPER’S KNEE:

In short knee pain. The patellar tendon is a cord-like tissue that connects the kneecap to the tibia or the large bone under your knee to the foot.  Patellar tendonitis is caused due to repeated microfractures and sustained overload on a ligament due to constant training that involves jumping landing and other cardio best exercises. 

You can feel stiffness in the knee and discomforting pain while jumping, running or bending.  There can be pain on the quadriceps muscles as well.

If the pain is mild and does not affect your game too much then you can follow the conventional method of applying ice, heating pad, organic medications, wearing knee guard and massages.

If pain is not subsiding you will need to go to a physio for thorough check up of your knee.

SPRAINED ANKLE:

Probably one of the most common badminton injuries is caused by the quick change in direction in response to your opponent's return. The quick nature of badminton means at some point Sooner or later you will roll your ankle.

You can certainly reduce the chances of it occurring simply by wearing the appropriate footwork.  Some players tape their ankles or even wear ankle braces.

Providing you haven't done anything more serious than a sprain if you believe you have, always seek medical attention then rest and cold pack should help keep the weight off as much as you can for couple of days

These are a few common injuries that can happen while playing badminton.

As stated  in my earlier blogs about warm up and cool down... always remember to warm up properly by running around prior to play this helps the blood to be pumped around the body and loosen the muscles, following your game try and fit a cool down session in this can help to reduce muscle problems and stiffness.

Good Luck,

Arundhati Pantawane

Former India #1